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LAMPRE project will be tested in five study areas in Europe (Italy, Spain and Switzerland), one study area in Taiwan, and another one in South America. The selected study areas represent a wide range of physiographical and environmental settings, and include the majority of the types of ground deformations for which the service is designed. Successful application of the service in the selected study areas guarantees that the service will work worldwide. Selection of the study areas was based on:
The Pogliaschina valley extends for about 11 km2 in the Municipality of Borghetto Vara in the Liguria Region. The Pogliaschina torrent and the Cassana torrent flow into the Vara River close to the Borghetto Vara village. In the Pogliaschina valley crop out sedimentary rocks mainly belonging to the M. Gottero sandstones formation (Upper Cretaceous and Paleocene) with minor outcrops of the Macigno and Scaglia Toscana formations.
The study area is located in upper part of Valle de Tena, the headwaters of the Gállego River in the central Spanish Pyrenees (Huesca), where climate is characterized by a marked seasonality, classified as of the mediterranean mountain type with Atlantic and Continental influences. The average annual precipitation is around 1500 mm with rainfall concentrated mainly in spring and autumn, followed by winter and with punctual intense convective storms during the summer.
The study area is located in the Cerros de Escazú, province of San José, which is a mountain range in central Costa Rica located southwest of the city of San Jose. The climate is predominantly tropical and rainfall occurs mostly from May to November; abrupt changes between sunny and rainy weather are common. It borders the Central Valley to the south, and along with the Cedral massif forms the Fila de la Candelaria, which is considered the northernmost part of the Cordillera de Talamanca.
The Kaohsiung region is almost entirely covered by the 3,242 km2 Kaoping watershed, originated by the Kaoping river, the longest in Taiwan. The elevation ranges from the highest peak of the Central Mountain Range at 3,952 m a.s.l. to the basin outlet at 0 m a.s.l.. Ninety percent of annual precipitation (~2,800 mm) falls in the wet season (May to September) (Water Resource Agency, 2008).
The study area comprises two zones both located in the Swiss Alps: (i) the Mattervalley, going up from Visp in the bottom of the Rhonevalley to Zermatt, and (ii) the St. Moritz - Engadin valley area. In the Mattervalley area mainly metamorphic rocks (schists and gniesses) crop out. In the valley there are numerous instable slopes, including some densely populated regions prone to landslides.
The island of Majorca (Spain), located in the western Mediterranean, has a variety of different geomorphological domains, most prominently the Tramuntana Range (1,100 km2) in the north-western part of the island. The steep topography of this chain, which is linked to its geological complexity and Mediterranean climate, determines intense slope dynamics with the consequent movements of all categories.
The study area is located along the northeastern part of Sicily, Southern Italy, in the Peloritani and the Nebrodi ranges. Climate is Mediterranean with hot and dry summers and precipitation falling mostly in the period from October to January. Elevation ranges from sea level to 1847 m. Sedimentary and crystalline rocks predominate, including limestone, dolomite and flysch deposits, Jurassic to Pliocene in age, and crystalline rocks Paleozoic to Tertiary in age.
The study area is located in Umbria, central Italy, where climate is Mediterranean and rainfall occurs mostly from October to December and from March to May. In the region crop out sedimentary rocks pertaining to the Umbria-Marche stratigraphic sequence, Lias to Eocene in age, overlaid by lake and fluvial deposits, lower Pliocene to Quaternary in age, and by fluvial deposits of Recent age.
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche - Istituto di Ricerca per la Protezione Idrogeologica
GA n°: 312384
Project type: Small collaborative project
Start date: 01/03/2013
Duration: 24 months
Total budget: 2,488 mln. €
EC funding: 1,964 mln. €
Total effort in person-month: 284
Other info: Visit CORDIS
The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement nº 312384. LAMPRE is managed by the Research Executive Agency (REA)