26th February 2015, Brussels. After 24 months, the LAMPRE project is going to its conclusion. The final project review meeting with the Project Officer, Florence Beroud, the Project Coordinator and all partners will take place at the Research Executive Agency of the European Commission.
25th of February 2015, Brussels. The International Final Dissemination Conference of LAMPRE "Improved Landslide Mapping and Modelling for Preparedness and Mitigation and for Post-Event Recovery and Reconstruction" will be organised at the Geological Survey of Belgium (GSB), in the Grand Auditorium room, at the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences.
LAMPRE Educational (LEdu) is a collection of talks, activities and resources aimed at non-experts to help them better understand the general background, processes, issues and resources available for landslides and triggered landslide events. LEdu is also the potential custom-made educational resources that can be created by LAMPRE, on demand.
The need for education related to landslides and landslide triggered events is everywhere, in all countries. LAMPRE Educational (LEdu) can provide this training, either through existing activities and resources (e.g., via the LAMPRE web page), or through custom made talks, workshops or other material such as learning pamphlets and practicals.
LAMPRE Educational (LEdu) can provide existing resources now, via the LAMPRE web page, or customized educational products and services on landslides, triggered landslide events and other related topics, within weeks to months from the request.
LAMPRE Educational (LEdu) is aimed at non-experts interested in learning more about landslides and triggered landslide events, including the general public, students, teachers, and decision makers.
LAMPRE Educational (LEdu) activities and resources include:
19-22 January 2015, San José. A dissemination and Training workshop on Earth Observation based technologies and their application in the management of natural hazards will engage at Universidad de Costa Rica a wide range of potential users of LAMPRE products, including authorities, institutions and commissions, responsible for the natural risks in the Central and South American region, as well as researchers and geologists who are experts in the data management in the context of natural disasters.
As part of LAMPRE general education, we have been involved with outreach to teachers, students and the general public.
Below are two examples, one a webcast education video, the other an interactive presentation. Both of these are accessible via your web browser.
1. 45' WEBCAST VIDEO. Triggered Landslide Events: Statistics, Implications and Road Network Interactions.
Bruce D. Malamud of the LAMPRE project gives a talk to more than 80 high school teachers, from more than 12 countries, at the EGU annual meeting in 2013. Here, in this video, he talks about some basics of landslides, processes involved in triggered landslide events, the statistics of landslides, interaction of landslides with road networks and hazard assessment of mass wasting. He further discusses some prevention and mitigation measures of mass wasting, and finally shows some demonstrations that students or teachers can do with inexpensive material. The audience of this presentation is to high school teachers, but the information has also been disseminated by LAMPRE (in various forms) to high school students, university students, and university lecturers.
2. INTERACTIVE PRESENTATION. Innovative Techniques for Teaching about Landslides and Triggered Landslide Events
Faith Taylor and Bruce D. Malamud of the LAMPRE project have prepared Interactive Presentation (PREZI poster), presented at the AGU annual meeting in 2014, on techniques that teachers can use to teach about landslides and triggered landslide events.
4 December 2014, Bruxelles - Representatives of FP7-Space projects (PREFER, PHAROS, LAMPRE, FLOODIS, SENSUM, IncREO, RASOR, APhoRISM, FAST) related to the Copernicus Emergency Management Service together with representatives of the European Commission services potentially interested in these services met in Brussels at the Research Executive Agency (REA). The purpose of the Emergency Projects workshop was to identify and/or develop cooperation opportunities between players of the FP7 projects, in view to support the sustainability of the services.
The 'Into Space’ brochure has just been published and is now available on the EU bookshop website. It includes the projects co-financed by the European Commission and managed by the Research Executive Agency (REA) under the 6th call for proposals of the 7th Framework Programme for Space Research in the domains of Copernicus – related Applications and Data, Space Technologies, Space Science and Data Exploitation, Space Weather and Space Situational Awareness.
LAMPRE has developed a Landslide-Road Impact Model (LRIM) to explore different potential scenarios of regional road network disruption by different numbers of landslides. Triggers such as heavy rainfall or earthquakes may cause many landslides across a region within minutes to weeks of the event. Some of these landslides may block the transportation network, making it difficult to move about a region.
The LRIM developed by LAMPRE is applicable at local to regional scales. We have applied the model to medium to high-relief topographic regions susceptible to low-mobility landslides (i.e., not rock falls and debris flows). This LRIM can be applied to any region where triggered landslide events occur and road network, susceptibility and elevation data is available.
The LRIM may be run before, during or after a triggeredlandslide event to simulate the most likely impact upon the road network in terms of number of roads blocked by landslides or number of landslides nearby the roads, and potential resultant road network disruptions.
Civil Protection authorities use LRIM to model scenarios of network impact of different sized triggered landslide events and potential resources that might be needed.
Planning & development authorities use LRIM identify potentially vulnerable road network scenarios and plan appropriate redundancies in the road networks.
Transportation authorities & utility managers use LRIM to model potential overall road distance unavailable in the road network, and resultant disruption, as a result of landslides.
Agricultural & forest agencies use LRIM to model potentially vulnerable road network scenarios in forests.
Scientists use LRIM to simulate the potential impact of landslides, and other types of hazards, on different kinds of infrastructure networks.
LAMPRE prepares LRIM at scales ranging from 1:100,000 (smaller scale) to 1:10,000 (larger scale). LAMPRE needs a landslide susceptibility map (LSMM), a road network map, a digital elevation model (DEM) and knowledge of the landslide statistical distribution (e.g., via LStats). The model takes minutes to days to run, depending on the extent and complexity of the study area.
Malamud et al. (2004) doi: 10.1002/esp.1064
Guzzetti et al. (2003) doi: 10.5194/nhess-3-469-2003
LAMPRE prepares 3D Surface Deformation Models (3DSDMs) exploiting advanced Finite Element Models (FEMs). A FEM is a numerical representation of the stress-strain behaviour of a slope, and can be used to predict the kinematical behaviour of slow moving landslides. To prepare 3DSDMs, LAMPRE combines advanced space-borne DInSAR products, in-situ monitoring data, and geological, geotechnical and groundwater information.
The methods developed by LAMPRE allow preparing 3DSDMs for slow-moving landslides anywhere adequate time-series of surface and sub-surface displacements are available, together with topographic, geological, geotechnical and groundwater information. The methods are applicable to landslides of different sizes, and work best where continuous monitoring devices are available. 3DSDMs prepared by LAMPRE are well suited to predict the temporal evolution of slow-moving landslides in urban and sub-urban areas, and for landslides affecting infrastructures.
LAMPRE can prepare 3DSDMs of slow-moving active landslides in a few weeks, provided that sufficient information of adequate quality is available.
Civil Protection authorities use 3DSDMs to anticipate the behaviour of slow-moving landslides for early warning and improved vulnerability and risk analyses.
Planning & development authorities use 3DSDMs to construct landslide scenarios for improved planning, and to investigate the efficacy of remedial and mitigation measurements.
Transportation authorities & utility managers use 3DSDMs to anticipate the impact of slow-moving landslides on transportation or utility networks.
Agricultural & forest agencies use 3DSDMs to assess the impact of slow-moving landslides on crops and forests.
Scientists use 3DSDMs to understand the kinematics of landslides in a changing climate.
LAMPRE prepares 3DSDMs in a few to several weeks for single slopes or landslides. LAMPRE requires displacement time series of landslides and surface and sub-surface geological, geotechnical and groundwater information. LAMPRE delivers FEM 3DSDMs in the forms of plots, graphs and contour maps.
Tizzani et al. (2010) doi: 10.1029/2010JB007735
Calò et al. (2014) doi:10.1016/j.rse.2013.11.003
Lollino et al. (2014) doi: 10.1080/19648189.2014.985851
An event such as prolonged rainfall, an earthquake, or rapid snowmelt may cause many landslides. Typically, most of these landslides will be small in size, some will be medium in size and a few will be very large. Knowing the statistics of landslide size (LStats) is important for landslide hazard and vulnerability modelling, for risk assessment, and for landscape and erosion modelling.
LAMPRE has developed software to determine the statistics of landslide size (LStats). The software can be used anywhere information on the size of the landslides is available. This information can be obtained from a geomorphological landslide inventory , an event landslide inventory, or a seasonal or multitemporal inventory in a Geographic Information System (GIS). The software is most appropriate for analysis of low mobility landslides, and should be used with caution when examining rock falls or debris flows.
LStats can be prepared or updated when a new landslide inventory is prepared after a landslide-triggering event, for example, an intense rainstorm, a rapid snowmelt event, or an earthquake.
Civil Protection authorities use LStats to anticipate the sizes of the landslides caused by an intense or prolonged rainfall, an earthquake, or a rapid snowmelt event.
Planning & development authorities use LStats to anticipate the size of the landslides expected in a territory.
Transportation authorities & utility managers use LStats to evaluate the potential vulnerability to event landslides of transportation or utility network.
Agricultural & forest agencies use LStats to evaluate the potential vulnerability of crops and forests to event landslides.
Scientists use LStats for erosional studies and landscape modelling.
LAMPRE prepares LStats from any landslide map available in digital format for which the size (area, volume) of the individual landslides is known, or can be calculated in a GIS. Analyses can be performed as soon as landslide information is available, and takes minutes to hours. The quality of the LStats depends on the quality and completeness of the landslide inventory.
Malamud et al. (2004) doi: 10.1002/esp.1064
Brunetti et al. (2009) doi: 10.5194/npg-16-179-2009
Rossi et al. (2012) doi: 10.13140/2.1.3280.0969
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche - Istituto di Ricerca per la Protezione Idrogeologica
GA n°: 312384
Project type: Small collaborative project
Start date: 01/03/2013
Duration: 24 months
Total budget: 2,488 mln. €
EC funding: 1,964 mln. €
Total effort in person-month: 284
Other info: Visit CORDIS
The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement nº 312384. LAMPRE is managed by the Research Executive Agency (REA)